21 representatives of project partners took part in the meeting. After welcoming the attendees by the expert and moderator of the training course, Ángel Lozano, proceeded, for each assistant delegation, to present their Organization and its participants; and highlighting the groups they represent.
1st Presentation – Analysis of the EU Guidelines aimed at Sustainability and get a Just Transition
After a brief reminder about what climate change means, the rapporteur made a review of the different initiatives carried out by the European Commission to fight against the emission of CO2 through what we have called, the energy transition.
Thus, based on the Paris Agreement of 2015, a review was made of the different actions and / or guidelines whose final objective culminates in the Strategy for a Europe Climate neutral 2015. In this way, the guidelines established with character prior to this Strategy:
- The Climate and Energy measures package, called Strategy 20-20-20
- The 2030 Strategy on Climate and Energy
- The Green Paper “Foster a European framework for Social Responsibility of companies, both from the point of view of public action and from action private carried out by companies; and
- The White Paper on Transportation
As an introduction to this last guideline, the White Paper on Transportation, a reference to what it means, as far as CO2 emissions are concerned, the sector of transport with data at European level and established by the different modalities of transport.
As for the White Paper on Transport, it was the guideline in which the rapporteur most stopped, establishing the specific objectives proposed, as well as the actions that should be implemented to carry out those objectives.
In addition, as part of this guideline, some notes on the Plans were established of Mobility in Urban Areas.
Finally, some considerations were made on the Report made by the Commission European, in the month of May 2019, on the Breaches of the 28, of the Plans of Energy and Climate
1st Presentation Panel – Analysis of the EU Guidelines in each country.
A Presentation was carried out by a representative from each country, whose summary We perform then, in the order in which they occurred:
Informed of the strategy launched in 2018 to reduce the environmental impact; they complained that they only had administrative guidelines and had no basis legal; so it was an insufficient document as long as there was no Council agreement of Ministers.
Focusing on the Transport sector in Italy, it was indicated that there was a Ministry of Transport and Infrastructure that had as more direct competences: modernization of the sector; the municipality of Rome; the guidelines on the implementation of the Metro in the big cities; renew vehicle fleets, for which 3.7 million would be allocated €; the implementation of bicycles in regions and cities.
However, they pointed out that the state plans they have are not very ambitious and that it would be necessary to review the proposed objectives and further specify the measures for their fulfilment.
Presentation by Latvia
The representative of Latvia explained that there is a Ministry of Environment and Development Regional in which there is a Department for Climate Change of character interministerial. From this Department the Energy Transition will be carried out that counts as
most important measures: recycle your means of transport since they cannot buy new items and establish transportation to the airport by combining the private vehicle With the collective transport. In addition, they have the collaboration of Universities to address these actions.
They informed that they have planned a strategy for the year 2020 with 4 revisable objectives and adaptable: integrate different modes of transport; expand railroad use and invest on the tram, for which they have a loan from the World Bank; check the use of road transport and reduce CO2 emission.
Specifically, they aim to increase transport efficiency until 2030 and renew the fleet of buses; establish government support to companies and municipalities to reduce CO2 emissions (mainly in the city of Skopje); and support the use of bicycles instead of cars.
Finally, they talked about the Skopje green city project, for the city of Skopje that divides the city in 10 districts to address these projects in several phases.
The Presentation of the Polish delegation reported that since 2000 they have established a policy to reduce CO2 emissions with industrial and mining changes. Currently, they are developing initiatives to meet EU commitments facing 2050 with the aim of expanding renewable energy and improving efficiency energetic.
Their problem is that they need to reduce GHG emissions in private homes where they still have central heating that needs to be replaced by other types of energy which implies investments and penalties for those who do not comply.
As for the extension of renewable energies, its objectives are to strengthen the wind energy and make a specific plan to incorporate electric cars.
The Bulgarian representation made a very brief Presentation in which it was reported that they intend to modernize the capital, Sofia, incorporating electric cars and ecological buses with 300 kms of autonomy. As a complement, they will include green areas to renew the air since Sofia is the most polluted city in the EU; although, they lack resources Economical to solve these problems.
Presentation by Spain
Based on the GHG emissions situation, which would have increased since 2017, reports the existence of a specific Ministry to address everything related to the energy transition, the one of Ecological Transition.
The last urgent measures in this matter approved in the last ones were highlighted months These measures are consulted with the social partners and through consultations popular, with all citizens, through the Ministry’s website.
In addition, the three basic measures that are being carried out were reported: The Framework Strategic Energy and Climate, whose measures are: expand energy renewable by 42% until 2030, which would result in a decrease in the invoice of the 12% light; close coal plants; the veto to engines that emit CO2 in 2040; establish up to € 1 billion to incorporate the subsidized electric car.
It also reported the draft Law on Climate Change and Energy Transition, of the National Integrated Energy and Climate Plan and the Just Transition Strategy, which they form a strategic framework with which it is intended to create between 250 and 364,000 new quality green jobs; which provides for a public investment of € 47,000 million and close of € 200,000 million of private investment; a GDP increase of 1.8% (between € 19,300 and € 25,100 million); save € 75,379 million from the drop in imports of fossil fuels; and avoid the death of 2,000 people.
Finally, they referred to the fair transition agreement in coal mining, to address the Decarbonization imposed by the EU and with measures such as: creating a 250 million fund € to support business initiatives; establish early retirement with 48 years and 25 years of quotation; and incentive leave with 48 years of age and 20 contributions. East agreement has been complemented with another, from April 2019, in which aid is established, for an amount of € 20 million, to allow the restoration of natural spaces.
The report dealt with the philosophical aspect of sustainability, highlighting that we find ourselves in a «not clean world» and in the need to boost public transport.
Conclusion from the Presentations
As a result of the above, it can be said that:
– Italy has an ambitious investment plan but they need trade union and legal regulations negotiations to be applied
– Latvia spoke of difficulties due to illegal employment and high labor sinistrality; Yes as for the absence of unions to support the initiatives.
– Macedonia bets on a future project with a plan for the city of Skopje, in three phases
– Poland, on the other hand, has economic difficulties in carrying out its initiatives; and highlights the refusal of companies to provide aid for workers in the use of renewable energy
– Spain, meanwhile, has plans on energy and climate with different bills under way in which citizens and interlocutors participate.
– Finally, Lithuania, is aware of the need to reduce pollution of CO2
After the Presentations, a debate was opened in which the participants intervened, together with the expert and moderator, representatives of the delegations of Italy, Latvia, Spain and Poland. The debate dealt with the differences between strategic business visions and the absence of administrative grants to implement certain measures that facilitate the transition from conventional fuel consumption to renewable energy.
2nd Presentation – Example of a sustainable and green urban transport in each country.
The presentation was made explaining the initiatives of the Municipal Company of Transport of the city of Madrid, which has just turned 70, on the current bus structure and business elements; as well as future initiatives of the company in the renewal of the bus fleet for cleaner ones; indicating the investments that are being made and those planned for the next three years.
Second day of the course:
1st Presentation – Prepare unions in a new labor scenarie: How may affect the Just Transition to Employment.
The presentation focused on a first introduction to explain what we should understand by Energy Transition that is Fair, establishing itself as such, the one in which there is a participation of workers’ representatives (unions) with the objective of guarantee quality employment, establish social protection for groups more Vulnerable and respect for human and labor rights.
Next, the new challenges faced by unions (and / or workers’ representatives) in the face of the just transition, primarily through the instruments for information participation, consultation and social dialogue; to continue with the reasons that should make unions to be involved in the energy transition.
In this sense, the basic objectives of the Learning Fast and Green project in as to the need to inform and train union representatives, remembering, the attendees, the difficulties that unions have in the EU as a whole to participate in the energy transition, exploring and analysing the improvement options that the unions.
Thus, different aspects that will affect the workers were addressed, with the transition energy, as well as the implications that unions should assume, in matters such as: economic diversification and industrial policy; changing skills and abilities in training; governance and industrial relations; social protection; and the ways to prepare and mobilize unions.
Finally, an analysis was established, assessing the situations that were occurring and those of an immediate future; as well as the implications in the future of the conditions of employment of workers in matters such as: Destruction of Employment; employment creation for the appearance of new deposits (paying special attention to the sector of transport); the training of the worker and the safety and health of the workers before New green jobs
1st Discussion Panel – Analysis of new employment situations in the transport sector in each country: destruction of employment, green employment and worker protection.
An intervention was carried out by a representative from each country.