The first meeting of the project was organized in Rome, Italy. After the welcome of the leading Organization of the Project, FAST, we proceeded, for each assistant delegation, to present its Organization, its participants and the activities carried out at national and European level, highlighting the work carried out in their respective countries and the groups they represent.
1st Presentation – Presentation of the Project: Development of the calendar for the activities of the Project.
2nd Presentation – Presentation on the participation of workers in the Transport Sector
The presentation begins with an introduction on the elements that make up everything related to the energy transition understood as a concept. To do this, we review what climate change means and how the Paris Agreement on Climate, 2015, has been a turning point in that race started against climate change.
Thus, the fundamental elements of this Paris summit have been reviewed; and, along with it, the three strategies that the European Union has defined as a consequence of the aforementioned Paris Summit have been recalled:
– The 20-20-20 Strategy
– The Strategy for 2030 and
– The Strategy for a climate neutral Europe 2050
Next, the impact that the Transport Sector has as a source of CO2 emissions has been established, giving greater attention to road transport.
As the last element of this introductory part, the term of just energy transition has been defined and how we should make the energy transition to consider it fair.
After the introduction of the situation, the main subject of the paper has been addressed: The participation of workers in the Transport Sector.
Attendees have been reminded of the European regulatory regulation on workers’ rights to participate in the decision-making of their companies; fundamentally, with two instruments: information and consultation, through the following itinerary:
- The Social Charter and the Charter of fundamental rights of the EU
- The Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union
- Directives on the participation of workers through information and consultation, structuring them in three blocks:
– the right to information and consultation at the national level: Directives 75/129; 2001/23 and 2002/14
– the right to information and consultation in the transnational field: Directives 94/45 (amended by 2009/38); 2004/25 and 2011/35
or And, the partial right of participation in situations of companies with a transnational component (oriented to cooperative societies, capital companies and corporations): Directives 2001/86; 2003/72 and 2005/56
- And the European Pillar of Social Rights
From this normative acquis, special attention has been given to the contributions derived from Directive 2002/14 / EC, referring to the regulatory framework on information and consultation.
Finally, regarding this normative review, a chapter has been devoted to collective bargaining as an instrument of participation along with information and consultation, establishing its link with ILO Conventions 151 and 154, references on this subject ; and the brief contributions contained in the Community legislation: Charter of fundamental rights of the European Union and Treaty of Functioning.
As a culmination of this presentation, some keys were raised on why unions should be involved in the energy transition, offering as a response that without the participation of workers it is not possible to make a just transition. From here, a brief review was made of what were the fundamental issues that had to be paid attention in the social dialogue on the just transition; and how it was, at present, the participation of trade unions in the different Member States, as far as ecological transition is concerned.
3rd Presentation – Knowledge about the application of the EU guidelines related to the Just Transition. The Presentation was carried out by representatives of each country, whose summary we carry out below:
Instead of sticking to the topic raised by the presentation, it was explained what the fair transition is, referring to the Presentation made by the expert rapporteur of the meeting, indicating that there are missing transversal actions to carry them out and how, in his opinion, the transition Ecological should be paid by those who have money (the «rich»), who calculated in 20% of the population, since only they can access to buy electric cars, for example.
Finally, it was commented that the Italian government was preparing a National Plan on Climate and Energy and strategies to achieve decarbonization in 2050; although, no information was written about the lines of action of these documents.
The representative of Lithuania limited his speech to explaining how urban transport was configured in the city of Vilnius: an ecological transport (with gas) in the case of the public sphere, where investments were being made to buy trolleybuses and buses with EU funds.
He also indicated that a state law was being prepared to regulate public and private transport, in urban settings; pointing out that he believed that his public character would be maintained.
Presentation by Spain
On the part of the Spanish representation, answering the question raised, it was reported that the government of Spain has a Ministry of Ecological Transition, dedicated to work on these issues in a specific way, that it would have carried out various actions, urgent measures to advance in this aspect, in the last three months, allocating significant economic investments and adapting an urban sustainable development program. Among the most important actions already put into practice, the Strategic Energy and Climate Framework was unleashed with which it is intended to address the objectives of the EU-2030 strategy with three concrete measures:
Preparation of a Draft Law on Climate Change and Energy Transition; whose basic objectives are the reduction of CO2 emissions and the electrification of transport.
The National Plan for Energy and Climate (PNIEC) 2021-2030, an integrated project to modernize the economy in this transition space.
And the Fair Transition Strategy, approved by the government on February 22, 2019 that follows the guidelines of the Paris Summit and the ILO, with the design of industrial and research policies and employment generation.
Presentation by Poland
The Presentation of the Polish delegation focused on talking about the competences of society with respect to climate change, pointing out problems such as the rise of
temperatures, the catastrophe that would mean reaching 2ºC of heating in 2045 and the problem of deforestation of forests and jungles. Nothing to do with the object of the Project or the presentation.
The Bulgarian representation raised its Presentation explaining the improvements that were taking place in the city of Sofia on sustainable transport (with electro buses, trolleybuses and buses with gas) and the restrictions that were proposed to pose for the traffic of private vehicles. The strategy carried out by the municipality of Sofia was informed of creating a green ticket, consisting of a reduction of the usual ticket, to € 0.50, usable if the level of particles exceeded seven times those allowed and as an instrument to encourage, those days, the use of public transport.
The representative of the partner informed that the capital, Skopje, was one of the five most polluted citizens of the European space (where, even heating still used wood) and that they were becoming aware of the problem. He commented that urban transport had very old and polluting buses and that they did not have alternative transport.